What Causes Neuropathy?
Neuropathy is a disorder that relates to the malfunction of the peripheral nervous system. Since the peripheral nervous system helps control various functions, any abnormality in this system may affect the normal activities of the body.
Damage caused to the neurons or nerve cells is the main cause of neuropathy. As a result, it affects the ability of neurons to communicate with each other. The major symptoms of neuropathy include:
- Numbness, usually in the hands and feet.
- Loss of reflexes.
- The sensation of severe pain or numbness.
- Inability to feel temperature, pressure, or touch.
- Lack of coordination.
Causes of Neuropathy
When it comes to the causes of neuropathy, there are numerous ones, including two basic divisions: acquired neuropathy and hereditary neuropathy.
However, there are instances where it is not possible to know the true cause of one’s neuropathy. This type is referred to as idiopathic neuropathy. In general, 30% of neuropathy is due to diabetes and another 30-40% are cases of idiopathic neuropathy.
Let’s take a closer look at the two basic types of neuropathy and their causes.
This is one of the most common types of neuropathy. Its causes include trauma, infections, systemic disease, vascular disorders, excessive use of alcohol, and prolonged medication.
Infections and Autoimmune Disorders
Viral or bacterial infections are capable of destroying nerve fibers. Such infections include herpes virus, Lyme disease-causing bacteria, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). A few of these autoimmune disorders may also destroy nerve tissue. Some of these disorders include rheumatoid arthritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and systemic lupus erythematosus.
Trauma is a sudden injury that results from a car/bike accident or any incidence causing injury. The peripheral nerves may also experience trauma due to the compression of the nerves. This usually happens because of stress or contraction of the nerves.
Systemic diseases, such as diabetes, kidney disorders, hormonal imbalances, and cancer, are the leading cause of neuropathy.
The administering of high-potency medicine can damage peripheral nerves. For example, when treating cancer through chemotherapy, the chances are that the patient may suffer the symptoms of neuropathy.
If there is a hindrance in the flow of blood through arms and legs, it may cause neuropathy. The vascular disorder could appear due to blood clots, inflammation, or other blood vessel issues.
The regular consumption of alcohol can reduce the quantity of thiamine, which may lead to neuropathy. It also affects the proper functioning of nerves, which minimizes the coordination between the brain and neurons.
Hereditary neuropathy is a type of neuropathy that passes on from one generation to another. The Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is the most usual cause of hereditary neuropathy. This disease causes damage to the motor or sensory nerves.
Unfortunately, there is no cure for this type of neuropathy. However, a chiro can relieve you from the sensation of pain or discomfort by applying chiropractic techniques.